Facilitation of learning is an essential component for a successful and enriched learning environment (Garrison, ET.ALL, 2001). Facilitation can offer a well rounded approach to learning which encourages the students to enjoy learning and be involved with lifelong education. The strategies I selected for the Info Graph help guide the classroom through facilitation, while incorporating the COI framework. I feel that each strategy is meaningful and can be applied to help optimize and enhance communication and discussion. Using my experience in the classroom, from both a learner and instructor lens, as well as polling a few colleagues – I feel the strategies or “tips” can benefit a synchronous, asynchronous or blended environment. The classroom environment can be adapted and tailored based on the needs of the institute, faculty and students. Using Bull’s “ Eight Roles of an Effective Online Teacher” (2013) is a fantastic point of reference as it provides a template that can be adapted and reconfigured with each student, class and semester. 

Using strategies is a great way to begin the art of facilitation, regardless of the classroom environment, as facilitation is about gaining knowledge and passing it on. Applying these to a teaching presence, social presence and cognitive presence provides a strong, impactful educational experience for the student and growth for the instructor. “In the act of facilitation learners connect to each other and the instructor, engage with the content, are cognitively present as intellectual agents, and carry out all actions central to the development and maintenance of the learning community” (Garrison, et. all., 2001). Drawing from some conversations in Mattermost, I feel that a good teacher is a facilitator, but not all teachers facilitate and not all facilitators teach. The world of education requires the participants to follow down a path of lifelong learning, why not bring the student on the learning journey? Creating a strategy and being involved in the learner’s experience could breed a positive, constructive, social, respectful environment and one that both instructor and student feel successful and satisfied. 

To view larger image: COI Inforgraph


Bull, B. (2013). Eight Role of an Effective Online Teacher. Faulty Focus.

Garrison, D.R., Anderson, T., & Archer. W. (2001). Critical Thinking, Cognitive Presence, and Computer Conferencing in Distance Education. American Journal of Distance Education.