Both Reiser and Weller focus on technology usage, both then and now, with each validating the point of view of one another. Resier takes more of a media history approach, whereas Weller’s focus is more on higher education, with both highlighting the importance of keeping up-to-date with the usage of technology with teaching.

Weller identifies and expands on multiple technologies but yet clearly points out that not all technologies are worthy enough to stand up to the rigorous test of the classroom environment. Beginning in 1998 with the first web page to be edited (Wiki’s), we learn that this was when the web was “democratized”. What isn’t mentioned is that because of multiple people editing, this can discredit the WIKI articles as the edits do not need to be referenced or have a scholarly source. We are told at my work to never use Wikipedia as a reference and that students should not use the site, which I found to be quite contradictory to what was outlined in the article. Weller discusses the evolution of technology over 20 years, which allows the reader to see the advancement and relevance of technology and the need to continue to push new technologies within the classroom environment.

Reiser expanded on technology by reviewing 100 years of technology and highlighted the 1994 AECT
definition by expanding on the “five categories of activities or practices: (a) design, Co) development, (c) utilization or implementation, (d) management, and (e) evaluation, (f) analysis” (Reiser, 1968, p. 54). There is also more expansion on the audiovisual movement and the impact it had on World War II with training and reaching out to a broader audience. I did not agree with the use of instructional videos being as large of an asset as what was implied. I feel this may be biased or subjective, but every time I have had to watch an instructional video (whether it be in school, work or for training purposes) I notice I do not pay as much attention as having someone in front of me instructing and guiding me. Even with the using technology, I find a larger benefit to being taught opposed to viewing a video showing me what to do.

From reading both articles, we see the continual evolution of technology and the need to push technology in the educational sector for both the learner and educators benefit.


Reiser, R. (2001). A history of instructional design and technology: Part 1: A history of instructional media. Educational Technology Research and Development, 49(1), pp. 53-64. Doi: BF02504506

Weller, M. (2018). Twenty years of ed tech. Educause Review Online, 53(4), pp. 34-48. Retrieved from