Considering the field of distance learning, Innovation is closed aligned with technological changes. The concept of what is encompassed within the term technology is a larger pool of concepts that what immediately may come to mind. Technology does not only include computer based apparatuses, nor the networks and connections – and the technologies enabled by these technologies, such as Artificial Intelligence and  Machine Learning – that are present in today’s society, but can be widened to include a larger pool of resources and enabling tools that may be applied to the field of instructing and teaching. ICT’s – Information and Communication Technologies – include all technologies that enable information and communication storage, retrieval, use and reuse. Dron (2014) points that the discussion of Distance Education can not be discussed unless ICT’s are involved in the discussion.

The use and impact of a new technology in regards to the field of distance learning is directly connected to it’s usefulness. Dron (2014) writes that the technology must be applicable to the distance learning domain in order for it to be useful and impactful. The introduction of a new technology does not necessarily have impact on the the learning field. Bates (2019) relates how the uptake of OER’s – Open Educational Resources  – has been slow, and that the introduction of this new technology has in part been slowed by the reticence of Instructors to lose the many supplemental teaching aids that are packaged with purchased textbooks. Innovation in the learning field is linked to technological changes, but there are other considerations at play.



Bates, T. (2019). Chapter 11.4 Open Pedagogy. in Teaching in a digital world. 2nd ed. BC Campus

Dron, J. (2014). Chapter 9: Innovation and Change: Changing how we Change. In Zawacki-Richter, O. & T. Anderson (Eds.), Online distance education: Towards a research agenda. Athabasca, AB: AU Press.